Texas Child Protective Services and the Health and Human Services Commission have been addressing disproportionality at the statewide level since 2005. The most recent data is directly below:

Chart Showing Percentages of Children by Ethnicity in Different Stages of CPS cases
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The patterns of disproportionality and disparities in Texas show the issue is complex and the problem begins at the front door.  Based on FY 2017 statistics:

  • African American children are 1.7 times more likely to be reported to CPS than Anglo children.
  • African American children are 1.9 times more likely to be investigated.
  • African American children are 1.6 times more likely to be removed.
  • Hispanic children are slightly less likely than Anglo children to be reported, investigated or removed.
  • Children of other ethnicities are 2.3 times are likely to be reported, but equally likely to be investigated or removed compared to Anglo children.

As of FY 2017, disparities still existed at key decision points in the CPS system, primarily outcomes after a child is removed from their home and placed in state custody. African Americans had the lowest rate of reuniting with their parents across all races and ethnicities, and were about 11% less likely to reunify compared to Anglo and Hispanic children. Among those who could not return to their parents, African American children were 31% less likely to be adopted than Anglo Children within the first year they were legally free for adoption.

Chart Showing Median Time for Children to Be Adopted by Ethnicity
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