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Trauma and the Brain (Cont'd)

In early childhood, trauma can reduce the size of the cortex, which is responsible for complex functions, such as language and memory.

Two brains - one on left is a healthy child and the other is a child who has suffered sever neglect

The picture to the right is a CT scan of two 3-year-old children.  The image on the left is that of a healthy child and represents a normal brain. The image on the right is the image of a severely neglected child. Notice the difference in size.  The cortex is significantly smaller which contributes to reduced gross motor abilities and maladaptive development.