Page 27

CPS
Child protective Services Overview

Paid Expenditures and Total Average Filled
Full Time Equivalent (FTE) Staff

Total Staff 8,343.5
Direct Delivery Total 8,077.5
Caseworkers (Investigation) 1,863.4
Caseworkers (Family-Based Safety Services) 785.3
Caseworkers (Conservatorship) 1,496.0
Caseworkers (Other Workers) 515.5
Supervisors 827.9
Program Directors/Administrators 160.6
Clerical 914.3
Case Aides 651.3
Other Direct Delivery Staff 863.1
CPS Staff Costs $462,545,961.88

Worker demographic

Turnover Rate   25.4%
Tenure Less than 1 Year 31.4%
1-3 Years 33.3%
Greater than 3 Years 35.3%
Entry Salary (INV)   $36,729.00
Entry Salary (Non INV)   $32,273.16
Average Age   35.4
Race/Ethnicity African-American 29.6%
Anglo 42.4%
Hispanic 26.3%
Other 1.7%

Supervisor Demographics

Turnover Rate   6.0%
Tenure Less than 1 Year 0.6%
1-3 Years 5.1%
Greater than 3 Years 94.3%
Entry Salary   $39,117.96
Average Age   41.0
Race/Ethnicity African-American 27.5%
Anglo 47.8%
Hispanic 23.0%
Other 1.6%

Description of the Report Investigation Process

Step 1: Report Assigned for Investigation
Step 2: Investigation/Risk Assessment
  • No Risk: Case Closed
  • Risk Indicated: Continue to Nest Step
Step 3: Child Safe at Home?
  • Yes: Family Provided Services/Referrals
  • No: Continue to Next Step
Step 4: Seek Safe Emergency Placement
  • Relative Available: Child Placed with Relative
  • Relative Not Available: Continue to Next Step
Step 5: DFPS Petitions Court for Custody of Child
  • Denied: Family Provided Services/Referrals
  • Granted: Continue to Next Step
Step 6: Child Placed in Substitute Care (Out of home care)
  • Services Provided to Family
Step 7: Court Approves Permanency for Child
  • Court Approved: Permanent Custody to DFPS
  • Court Denied: Continue to Next Step
Step 8: Child Reunified with Parents, Permanent Custody to Relative, or Adoption

Note: The process is for reference only and does not necessarily represent the flow of a case.

Statistics FY 2010

  • Texas State Child Population 6,584,709
  • Children, Alleged Victims 288,075
  • Children in Confirmed Investigations 97,890
  • Children Removed 16,347

Back to top

Page 28

Child Protective Services Vision, Mission, and Values

CPS Vision: “Children First: Protected and Connected”

The Values are:

  • Respect for culture
  • Inclusiveness of families, youth and community
  • Integrity in decision making
  • Compassion for all
  • Commitment to reducing disproportionality

Most Common...

  • Person reporting abuse/neglect
    • School Professional (18.9%)
  • Allegation confirmed
    • Neglectful Supervision (63.2%)
  • Confirmed perpetrator of abuse/neglect
    • Relationship: Parent (77.9%)
    • Gender: Female (55.9%)
    • Age: Age 26-35 (38.5%)
  • Characteristic of confirmed victim
    • Age: Age 1 to 3 (24.9%)
    • Gender: Female (51.9%)

Back to top

Page 29

Legal Responsibility for Child Protective Services

Statutory References

  • Social Security Act
  • Texas Family Code
  • Human Resources Code
  • Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act
  • Indian Child Welfare Act
  • Adam Walsh Act

Major Provisions

  • Definitions of abuse and neglect of children;
  • Mandatory reporting of suspected abuse or neglect of children;
  • Prepare and disseminate statistics by county relating to CPS in an annual report made available to the legislature and general public;
  • Responsibility for receiving reports of suspected abuse or neglect of children;
  • Responsibility for thorough investigation of a report of child abuse or neglect allegedly committed by a person responsible for a child’s care, custody or welfare;
  • Responsibility to assign priorities and prescribe investigative procedures for investigations based on the severity and immediacy of the alleged harm to the child;
  • Take action to protect abused and neglected children from further harm;
  • Establish review teams to evaluate department casework and decision-making related to investigations of child abuse or neglect;
  • Employ Child Safety Specialists to conduct staff reviews and evaluations of cases determined to involve high risk, monitor cases with multiple referrals, and approve decisions and assessments related to investigations that involve a high risk to the health or safety of a child;
  • Work with children and their families, providing services to prevent further abuse, help alleviate the effects of the abuse suffered, prevent removal of the child from the home, and provide reunification services when appropriate for the return of the child to the home;
  • When necessary, secure appropriate court orders and take possession of a child if there is an immediate danger to the physical health or safety of the child or the child has been a victim of neglect or sexual abuse and that continuation in the home would be contrary to the child’s welfare;
  • Make reasonable efforts to secure the return of the child;
  • Develop a service plan in conference with the child’s parents to determine return of the child to the child’s parents, termination of parental rights and placement of the child for adoption, or because of the child’s special needs or exceptional circumstances continue the child’s care out of the child’s home;
  • Provide substitute care for children until the problems have been sufficiently resolved;
  • Provide permanent placement for children who cannot safely return to their home;
  • Establish a database of all verified foster homes willing to accept foster care placement of a child in care;
  • Recruit potential adoptive parents for children whose parents have had their parental rights terminated;
  • Requirements for frequency and location of contact with children in substitute care;
  • Requirements for conducting criminal background and central registry checks of foster and adoptive parents.

Back to top

Page 30

Concepts Guiding Risk Determination

Child Vulnerability

  • Child fragility
  • Child behavior

Home Environment

  • Stressors
  • Dangerous exposure

Caregiver Capability

  • Knowledge
  • Skills
  • Capacity

Quality of Care

  • Quality of connection
  • Emotional care
  • Physical care

Social Environment

  • Social climate
  • Social violence

Response to CPS

  • Attitude
  • Deception

Maltreatment Pattern

  • Chronicity
  • Current severity
  • Trends

Federal Outcomes Used to Assess Child Welfare Services

Safety Outcomes

  • Safety Outcome 1: Children are, first and foremost, protected from abuse and neglect.
  • Safety Outcome 2: Children are safely maintained in their homes whenever possible and

Permanency Outcomes

  • Permanency Outcome 1: Children have permanency and stability in their living situations.
  • Permanency Outcome 2: The continuity of family relationships and connections is preserved for children.

Well-Being Outcomes

  • Well-Being Outcome 1: Families have enhanced capacity to provide for their children’s needs.
  • Well-Being Outcome 2: Children receive appropriate services to meet their educational needs.
  • Well-Being Outcome 3: Children receive adequate services to meet their physical and mental health needs.

Back to top

Page 31

Fiscal Year 2004 and 2010 Pre- and Post-Reform Statistics by Region (CPS)

Region 1 - Lubbock

Region 1 - Lubbock 2004 2010
Caseworkers 168.1 258.9
Turnover 22.0% 24.1%
Average Base Salary $32,459 $34,516
Completed Investigations 6,406 7,925
Removals 733 711
Adoptions Consummated 143 296

Region 2 - Abilene

Region 2 - Abilene 2004 2010
Caseworkers 86.4 152.1
Turnover 13.9% 19.5%
Average Base Salary $33,678 $34,807
Completed Investigations 4,325 5,036
Removals 351 521
Adoptions Consummated 80 100

Region 3 - Arlington

Region 3 - Arlington 2004 2010
Caseworkers 687.8 1044.7
Turnover 26.3% 21.1%
Average Base Salary $32,943 $35,201
Completed Investigations 33,509 41,322
Removals 3,270 3,445
Adoptions Consummated 516 919

Region 4 - Tyler

Region 4 - Tyler 2004 2010
Caseworkers 160.8 247.5
Turnover 29.3% 22.6%
Average Base Salary $32,436 $34,389
Completed Investigations 8,561 8,869
Removals 728 1,074
Adoptions Consummated 124 230

Region 5 - Beaumont

Region 5 - Beaumont 2004 2010
Caseworkers 89.8 150.7
Turnover 11.2% 16.8%
Average Base Salary $34,251 $35,647
Completed Investigations 5,717 6,615
Removals 392 495
Adoptions Consummated 55 120

Region 6 - Houston

Region 6 - Houston 2004 2010
Caseworkers 653.1 928.7
Turnover 25.8% 24.6%
Average Base Salary $32,737 $34,550
Completed Investigations 27,543 31,792
Removals 2,773 3,763
Adoptions Consummated 651 1,046

Region 7 - Austin

Region 7 - Austin 2004 2010
Caseworkers 366.3 511.5
Turnover 20.9% 30.1%
Average Base Salary $32,398 $34,962
Completed Investigations 18,147 19,247
Removals 1,645 1,805
Adoptions Consummated 351 692

Region 8 - San Antonio

Region 8 - San Antonio 2004 2010
Caseworkers 355.3 625.6
Turnover 20.7% 29.1%
Average Base Salary $33,124 $34,505
Completed Investigations 13,382 20,847
Removals 1,993 2,185
Adoptions Consummated 390 976

Region 9 - Midland

Region 9 - Midland 2004 2010
Caseworkers 65.0 139.2
Turnover 15.5% 24.8%
Average Base Salary $33,375 $34,278
Completed Investigations 3,666 4,803
Removals 255 603
Adoptions Consummated 32 139

Region 10 - El Paso

Region 10 - El Paso 2004 2010
Caseworkers 75.7 120.8
Turnover 13.6% 25.6%
Average Base Salary $34,227 $34,517
Completed Investigations 3,397 4,540
Removals 183 385
Adoptions Consummated 66 98

Region 11 - Edinburg

Region 11 - Edinburg 2004 2010
Caseworkers 238.8 480.6
Turnover 22.1% 32.4%
Average Base Salary $32,828 $33,822
Completed Investigations 13,871 18,563
Removals 1,108 1,360
Adoptions Consummated 104 187

Statewide Totals

Statewide Totals 2004 2010
Caseworkers 2947.2 4660.2
Turnover 23.0% 25.4%
Average Base Salary $32,892 $34,683
Completed Investigations 138,587 169,583
Removals 13,431 16,347
Adoptions Consummated 2,512 4,803

- DFPS turnover methodology: (the total number of regular employees who terminated during the period DIVIDED BY the average number of regular active employees during the period) TIMES 100 to produce a percentage. The average number of regular active employees is calculated by counting every employee who worked for DFPS at any time during either quarter of the year and dividing the total by four.

- The average base salary was calculated by determining the average monthly salary per region and multiplying by 12. These amounts did not include other supplemental pay or the $5,000 stipends paid to eligible caseworkers and supervisors.

Note: The State Total for Completed Investigations includes those where the Region was Unknown and/or Out of State.

Back to top

Page 32

CPS Daily Caseload Fiscal Year 2010

Stage of Service
by Region
Investigation Family-based Safety Services Substitute Care Services Foster/Adoptive Home Development Kinship
1 Lubbock 26.2 23.5 26.7 23.8 48.5
2 Abilene 26.2 21.5 25.6 17.5 41.7
3 Arlington 26.4 21.9 26.2 21.4 38.5
4 Tyler 24.5 19.3 34.8 27.2 36.1
5 Beaumont 25.7 17.0 29.3 29.8 48.6
6 Houston 29.9 26.3 32.8 34.3 58.1
7 Austin 34.1 18.3 29.0 30.0 32.7
8 San Antonio 27.2 19.2 30.2 20.9 21.6
9 Midland 35.3 20.6 30.9 21.7 66.7
10 El Paso 35.7 24.6 27.7 24.1 39.0
11 Edinburg 34.4 22.5 29.2 17.6 44.1
State 29.1 21.9 29.5 25.4 43.0

Back to top

Page 33

CPS Daily Caseload Fiscal Year 2009

Stage of Service
by Region
Investigation Family-based Safety Services Substitute Care Services Foster/Adoptive Home Development Kinship
1 Lubbock 23.2 24.3 34.1 26.6 59.6
2 Abilene 18.8 17.2 23.6 18.0 56.5
3 Arlington 20.2 17.8 23.4 20.9 28.0
4 Tyler 17.7 15.4 31.7 25.2 45.1
5 Beaumont 18.4 15.8 25.9 37.8 53.0
6 Houston 19.6 20.2 32.3 32.4 55.6
7 Austin 23.8 18.2 28.8 26.6 44.9
8 San Antonio 16.8 17.5 30.2 21.4 13.1
9 Midland 28.6 19.0 29.8 23.9 66.2
10 El Paso 21.0 20.3 24.6 19.5 33.6
11 Edinburg 25.1 21.6 24.7 17.5 48.9
State 20.7 19.0 28.2 25.2 41.5

Back to top

Page 34

Texas Child Population Ages Birth through 17 Years
Fiscal Year 2010

State Total: 6,584,709

Region Child Pop Ages Birth - 17 Years
Region 1 214,859
Region 2 133,598
Region 3 1,796,970
Region 4 264,034
Region 5 182,292
Region 6 1,591,032
Region 7 696,817
Region 8 661,397
Region 9 146,161
Region 10 232,511
Region 11 665,038
Total 6,584,709

Texas Child Population Ages Birth through 17 Years, Fiscal Year 2010 by County

Population Data Source: Texas State Data Center, University of Texas (San Antonio)

Back to top

Page 35

Child Protective Services Completed Investigations
Fiscal Year 2010

State Total: 169,559

Region Completed Investigations
Region 1 7,925
Region 2 5,036
Region 3 41,322
Region 4 8,869
Region 5 6,615
Region 6 31,792
Region 7 19,247
Region 8 20,847
Region 9 4,803
Region 10 4,540
Region 11 18,563
Blank or Invalid 24
Total 169,559

CPS Completed Investigations, Fiscal Year 2010 by County

Back to top

Page 36

CPS Total Initial Intakes and Screened Out Cases
Fiscal Year 2010

Total Initial Intakes

Total Initial Intakes Number Percentage
PN 12,578 4.8%
P1 78,403 29.7%
P2 173,361 65.6%
Total 264,342 100%

Initially Assigned P2s eligible for screening

Initially Assigned P2s eligible for screening Number Percentage
Not Assigned to Screeners 104,676 60.4%
Assigned to Screeners 68,685 39.6%
Total 173,361 100%

Assigned to Screeners

Assigned to Screeners Number Percentage
Not Screened Out 58,633 85.4%
Screened Out (P2 to PN) 10,052 14.6%
Total 68,685 100%

Note: When a case is a P2, all alleged victims are age 6 or older, and there is not currently an open case, a formal screening occurs. The purpose of the formal screening is to determine if CPS intervention is warranted. There may be eligible P2s not assigned to screeners.

Risk Assessment Finding of Completed Child Abuse/Neglect Investigations
Fiscal Year 2010

Disposition of Investigation Confirmed Unconfirmed State Total
No Significant Risk Identified 61 11,852 11,913
No Significant Risk Identified (Percent) 0.5% 99.5% 100.0%
Risk Controlled 16,693 99,711 116,404
Risk Controlled (Percent) 14.3% 85.7% 100.0%
Risk Indicated 22,403 8,040 30,443
Risk Indicated (Percent) 73.6% 26.4% 100.0%
Risk Not Applicable Blank/ Invalid 180 10,643 10,823
Rick Not Applicable Blank/Invalid (Percent) 1.7% 98.3% 100.0%
Total 39,337 130,246 169,583
Percent 23.2% 76.8% 100.0%

Case Action for Risk Indicated Completed Investigations
Fiscal Year 2010

Case Action for Risk Indicated Completed Investigations Count Percentage
Open to Services 29,458 96.8%
Not Open to Services 985 3.2%
Total 30,443 100%

Note: Only investigations with a risk finding of "Risk Indicated" can be opened for further services. Opened for services is defined as services provided after the investigation was completed.

Back to top

Page 37

Child Abuse/Neglect Allegation Dispositions

The categories used to record the findings of initial assessment/investigation of child abuse neglect are defined as:

Confirmed Investigations
  • Reason to believe – Based on preponderance of evidence, staff concluded that abuse or neglect occurred.
Unconfirmed Investigations
  • Ruled out - Staff determined, based upon on available information, that it is reasonable to conclude that abuse or neglect has not occurred.
  • Unable to complete – Before staff could reach a conclusion, the persons involved in the report moved, could not be located or refused to cooperate.
  • Unable to determine – Staff concluded that none of the other dispositions were appropriate.

Investigations of Child Abuse/Neglect by Source of Report for Completed Investigations

Validated APS Victims FY 2008 Number FY2008 Percent FY2009 Number FY2009 Percent FY2010 Number FY2010 Percent
Anonymous 8,912 4.6% 9,212 4.8% 10,002 5.0%
Child Care Facility 1,992 1.0% 1,794 0.9% 1,717 0.9%
Law Enforcement 28,907 15.0% 30,351 15.7% 30,761 15.4%
Parent 15,799 8.2% 16,004 8.3% 17,245 8.6%
Relative 23,714 12.3% 23,392 12.1% 24,523 12.2%
School 37,711 19.5% 36,494 18.9% 37,816 18.9%
Victim 548 0.3% 633 0.3% 626 0.3%
Medical Personnel 32,626 16.9% 31,811 16.5% 32,786 16.4%
Friend/Neighbor 13,130 6.8% 13,386 6.9% 13,750 6.9%
DFPS Staff 5,305 2.7% 5,686 2.9% 5,791 2.9%
Other 24,411 12.6% 24,290 12.6% 25,170 12.6%
Blank 199 0.1% 90 0.0% 75 0.0%
State Total 193,254 100% 193,143 100% 200,262 100%

Note: A report of abuse/neglect may come from multiple sources.

Back to top

Page 38

Number of Child Abuse/Neglect Completed Investigations
Fiscal Year 2010

Region Total Confirmed % Confirmed Investigations Unconfirmed Investigations
1 Lubbock 7,925 2,270 28.6% 5,655
2 Abilene 5,036 1,401 27.8% 3,635
3 Arlington 41,322 10,092 24.4% 31,230
4 Tyler 8,869 2,141 24.1% 6,728
5 Beaumont 6,615 1,397 21.1% 5,218
6 Houston 31,792 6,372 20.0% 25,420
7 Austin 19,247 3,921 20.4% 15,326
8 San Antonio 20,847 4,704 22.6% 16,143
9 Midland 4,803 1,307 27.2% 3,496
10 El Paso 4,540 1,307 28.8% 3,233
11 Edinburg 18,563 4,420 23.8% 14,143
Unknown 24 5 20.8% 19
State 169,583 39,337 23.2% 130,246

Family Cases Opened for Services as a Result of a Completed Investigation
Fiscal Year 2010

Region In-Home Direct Delivery In-Home Purchased Family Substitute Care Total
1 Lubbock 1,120 0 310 1,430
2 Abilene 845 0 248 1,093
3 Arlington 5,144 188 1,537 6,869
4 Tyler 841 0 482 1,323
5 Beaumont 441 0 232 673
6 Houston 4,051 1 1,724 5,776
7 Austin 1,442 1 789 2,232
8 San Antonio 3,511 32 790 4,333
9 Midland 770 0 260 1,030
10 El Paso 810 0 104 914
11 Edinburg 3,265 2 518 3,785
Unknown 0 0 0 0
State 22,240 224 6,994 29,458

Back to top

Page 39

Confirmed Allegations of Child Abuse/Neglect by Type of Abuse
Fiscal Year 2010

Table Includes Abuse/Neglect Types:
Physical Abuse, Sexual Abuse, Emotional Abuse, Abandonment, Medical Neglect, and Physical Neglect

Region Physical Abuse Sexual Abuse Emotional Abuse Abandonment Medical Neglect Physical Neglect
1 Lubbock 848 300 57 1 111 382
2 Abilene 398 234 47 3 79 279
3 Arlington 4,299 1,394 91 36 391 1,217
4 Tyler 684 325 43 10 98 463
5 Beaumont 430 237 12 3 66 197
6 Houston 2,266 1,160 104 27 351 1,052
7 Austin 1,178 620 41 10 122 452
8 San Antonio 1,333 609 60 34 195 626
9 Midland 425 223 20 2 74 204
10 El Paso 425 124 44 7 79 287
11 Edinburg 1,329 766 109 24 312 838
Unknown 1 0 0 0 0 3
State Total 13,616 5,992 628 157 1,878 6,000

Table Includes Abuse/Neglect Types:
Neglectful Supervision, Refusal to Accept Parental Responsibility, Total Confirmed Allegations of Child Abuse/Neglect, Percent of Child Abuse/Neglect, and *Unduplicated Confirmed Victims

Region Neglectful Supervision Refusal to Accept Parental Responsibility Total Confirmed Allegations of Child Abuse/Neglect Percent of Child Abuse/Neglect *Unduplicated Confirmed Victims
1 Lubbock 3,245 42 4,986 6.3% 4,177
2 Abilene 1,914 22 2,976 3.8% 2,451
3 Arlington 12,607 158 20,193 25.7% 16,912
4 Tyler 2,619 45 4,287 5.4% 3,557
5 Beaumont 1,638 18 2,601 3.3% 2,246
6 Houston 6,692 135 11,787 15.0% 10,035
7 Austin 4,774 85 7,282 9.3% 6,377
8 San Antonio 6,447 50 9,354 11.9% 8,277
9 Midland 1,648 25 2,621 3.3% 2,197
10 El Paso 1,759 26 2,751 3.5% 2,337
11 Edinburg 6,381 113 9,872 12.5% 8,323
Unknown 4 0 8 0.0% 8
State Total 49,728 719 78,718 100.00% 66,897

* Victims have been unduplicated by investigation stage.

Back to top

Page 40

Children in Cases Opened for Services as a Result of a Completed Investigation
Fiscal Year 2010

Region In-home Direct Delivery In-home Purchased % Opened In-home Family Substitute Care* Total
1 Lubbock 3,067 0 80.4% 749 3,816
2 Abilene 2,047 0 77.1% 607 2,654
3 Arlington 13,308 493 77.8% 3,934 17,735
4 Tyler 2,118 0 66.0% 1,090 3,208
5 Beaumont 1,106 0 66.9% 547 1,653
6 Houston 10,927 2 71.5% 4,362 15,291
7 Austin 3,828 3 64.4% 2,114 5,945
8 San Antonio 9,700 71 81.8% 2,170 11,941
9 Midland 1,962 0 75.6% 633 2,595
10 El Paso 2,303 0 89.0% 286 2,589
11 Edinburg 9,942 5 86.8% 1,511 11,458
Total 60,308 574 77.2% 18,003 78,885

*Includes all children in the case regardless of victimization.

Point Prevalence* Rate of Child Abuse/Neglect per 1,000 Children in Texas Population per Region
Fiscal Year 2010

Region Confirmed Rate Alleged Rate
1 Lubbock 19.4 64.6
2 Abilene 18.3 65.5
3 Arlington 9.4 38.8
4 Tyler 13.5 55.8
5 Beaumont 12.3 59.3
6 Houston 6.3 32.7
7 Austin 9.2 45.9
8 San Antonio 12.5 54.9
9 Midland 15.0 55.9
10 El Paso 10.1 34.2
11 Edinburg 12.5 50.7
State 10.2 43.7

* Point prevalence is the number of children who are alleged/confirmed victims per 1,000 children in the region.

Back to top

Page 41

Race/Ethnicity of Selected CPS Statistics Compared to Texas Child Population
Fiscal Year 2010

Race/Ethnicity of Selected CPS Statistics Compared to Texas Child Population Total African American Anglo Hispanic Native American Other
Texas Child Population 6,584,709 804,001 2,427,173 3,108,010 12,844 232,681
Percent 100% 12.2% 36.9% 47.2% 0.2% 3.5%
CPS Confirmed Victims 66,897 14,110 21,053 29,247 144 2,343
Percent 100% 21.1% 31.5% 43.7% 0.2% 3.5%
Number of Removals 16,347 4,566 5,137 6,131 51 462
Percent 100% 27.9% 31.4% 37.5% 0.3% 2.8%
Children Opened for Service* 78,885 17,180 21,672 37,137 139 2,757
Percent 100% 21.8% 27.5% 47.1% 0.2% 3.5%

Ethnicity of Children Awaiting Adoption on August 31, 2010 and Median Time Waiting by Ethnicity

Ethnicity of Children Awaiting Adoption and Median Time Waiting by Ethnicity Total African American Anglo Hispanic Native American Other
Texas Children Awaiting Adoption 6,026 2,127 1,518 2,265 11 105
Percent 100% 35.3% 25.2% 37.6% 0.2% 1.7%
State median Time Waiting for Adoption 11.7 13.1 9.9 12.2 5.5 7.2

* Includes removals from all stages of service
** Includes all children in the case regardless of victimization

Note: Other includes anyone not categorized as Anglo, African-American, Hispanic or Native American

Back to top

Page 42

Confirmed Victims of Child Abuse/Neglect
Fiscal Year 2010

State Total: 66,897

Region Confirmed Victims of Child Abuse/Neglect
1 Lubbock 4177
2 Abilene 2451
3 Arlington 16912
4 Tyler 3557
5 Beaumont 2246
6 Houston 10035
7 Austin 6377
8 San Antonio 8277
9 Midland 2197
10 El Paso 2337
11 Edinburg 8323
Blank or Invalid 8
State Total 66,897

Texas Child Population Ages Birth through 17 Years, Fiscal Year 2010 by County

Population Data Source: Texas State Data Center, University of Texas (San Antonio)

Back to top

Page 43

Profile of Confirmed Child Abuse/Neglect Victims
Fiscal Year 2010

Age: Under 1

Gender Anglo African American Hispanic Native American Asian Other Total
Female 1,407 1,150 1,811 7 15 199 4,589
Male 1,467 1,232 1,843 5 12 228 4,787
Unknown 5 9 8 0 1 0 23
Total 2,879 2,391 3,662 12 28 427 9,399

Age: 1-3 Years

Gender Anglo African American Hispanic Native American Asian Other Total
Female 2,420 1,757 3,529 14 36 293 8,049
Male 2,683 1,886 3,647 12 42 317 8,587
Unknown 9 6 15 0 0 9 39
Total 5,112 3,649 7,191 26 78 619 16,675

Age: 4-6 Years

Gender Anglo African American Hispanic Native American Asian Other Total
Female 2,084 1,330 3,075 13 32 171 6,705
Male 2,075 1,358 3,027 8 40 189 6,697
Unknown 0 8 7 0 0 2 17
Total 4,159 2,696 6,109 21 72 362 13,419

Age: 7-9 Years

Gender Anglo African American Hispanic Native American Asian Other Total
Female 1,717 1,020 2,411 19 28 125 5,320
Male 1,643 982 2,226 10 23 110 4,994
Unknown 2 2 9 0 0 1 14
Total 3,362 2,004 4,646 29 51 236 10,328

Age: 10-12 Years

Gender Anglo African American Hispanic Native American Asian Other Total
Female 1,322 766 1,970 12 18 87 4,175
Male 1,227 713 1,578 11 21 72 3,622
Unknown 4 2 3 0 2 0 11
Total 2,553 1,481 3,551 23 41 159 7,808

Age: 13-17 Years

Gender Anglo African American Hispanic Native American Asian Other Total
Female 1,789 1,136 2,670 19 49 121 5,784
Male 1,127 688 1,336 14 12 68 3,245
Unknown 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
Total 2,916 1,824 4,006 33 61 190 9,030

Age Unknown

Gender Anglo African American Hispanic Native American Asian Other Total
Female 29 34 35 0 0 8 106
Male 42 30 47 0 0 8 127
Unknown 1 1 0 0 0 3 5
Total 72 65 82 0 0 19 238

Total Victims

Gender Anglo African American Hispanic Native American Asian Other Total
Female 10,768 7,193 15,501 84 178 1,004 34,728
Male 10,264 6,889 13,704 60 150 992 32,059
Unknown 21 28 42 0 3 16 110
Grand Total 21,053 14,110 29,247 144 331 2,012 66,897

Back to top

Page 44

Alleged and Confirmed Victims of Child Abuse/Neglect
Fiscal Year 2010

Region Alleged Victims Confirmed Victims Unconfirmed Victims Percent Confirmed
1 Lubbock 13,875 4,177 9,698 30.1%
2 Abilene 8,749 2,451 6,298 28.0%
3 Arlington 69,696 16,912 52,783 24.3%
4 Tyler 14,721 3,557 11,164 24.2%
5 Beaumont 10,801 2,246 8,555 20.8%
6 Houston 52,058 10,035 42,023 19.3%
7 Austin 32,013 6,377 25,636 19.9%
8 San Antonio 36,292 8,277 28,015 22.8%
9 Midland 8,169 2,197 5,972 26.9%
10 El Paso 7,942 2,337 5,605 29.4%
11 Edinburg 33,725 8,323 25,402 24.7%
Out of State 39 8 31 20.5%
State 288,080 66,897 221,182 23.2%

CPS Confirmed Victims Where the Confirmed Perpetrator was a Parent
Fiscal Year 2010

Region Confirmed Victims
1 Lubbock 4,094
2 Abilene 2,394
3 Arlington 16,514
4 Tyler 3,459
5 Beaumont 2,189
6 Houston 9,764
7 Austin 6,230
8 San Antonio 8,111
9 Midland 2,150
10 El Paso 2,305
11 Edinburg 8,151
State 65,361

Back to top

Page 45

Characteristics Of Perpetrators In Confirmed Investigations of Child Abuse/Neglect
Fiscal Year 2010

Perpetrator Characteristic: Age

Age Female Percent of Total Male Percent of Total Unknown Percent of Total Race/
Ethnicity
Percent of Total
Under 18 847 1.6% 1,492 2.8% 1 0.0% 2,340 4.4%
18-25 10,304 19.2% 5,687 10.6% 7 0.0% 15,998 29.9%
26-35 11,981 22.4% 8,617 16.1% 14 0.0% 20,612 38.5%
36-45 4,764 8.9% 4,914 9.2% 6 0.0% 9,684 18.1%
Over 45 2,064 3.9% 2,843 5.3% 3 0.0% 4,910 9.2%
Invalid 3 0.0% 19 0.0% 19 0.0% 41 0.1%

Perpetrator Characteristic: Marital Status

Marital Status Female Percent of Total Male Percent of Total Unknown Percent of Total Race/
Ethnicity
Percent of Total
Married 7,496 14.0% 7,928 14.8% 2 0.0% 15,426 28.8%
Widowed 311 0.6% 146 0.3% 0 0.0% 457 0.9%
Separated 1,876 3.5% 1,296 2.4% 0 0.0% 3,172 5.9%
Divorced 2,224 4.2% 1,323 2.5% 1 0.0% 3,548 6.6%
Single 8,606 16.1% 4,709 8.8% 1 0.0% 13,316 24.9%
Unknown 8,728 16.3% 6,663 12.4% 46 0.1% 15,437 28.8%
Not Applicable (Under 18) 722 1.3% 1,507 2.8% 0 0.0% 2,229 4.2%

Perpetrator Characteristic: Race/Ethnicity

Race/Ethnicity Female Percent of Total Male Percent of Total Unknown Percent of Total Race/
Ethnicity
Percent of Total
Anglo 12,284 22.9% 8,532 15.9% 3 0.01% 20,819 38.9%
African American 5,656 10.6% 4,057 7.6% 2 0.00% 9,715 18.1%
Hispanic 11,048 20.6% 9,629 18.0% 5 0.01% 20,682 38.6%
Native American 73 0.1% 50 0.1% 0 0.00% 123 0.2%
Asian 186 0.3% 151 0.3% 0 0.00% 337 0.6%
Other 716 1.3% 1,153 2.2% 40 0.07% 1,909 3.6%

Perpetrator Characteristic: Relation to Oldest Victim

Relation to Oldest Victim Female Percent of Total Male Percent of Total Unknown Percent of Total Race/
Ethnicity
Percent of Total
Parent 26,588 49.6% 15,149 28.3% 4 0.0% 41,741 77.9%
Grandparent 1,537 2.9% 865 1.6% 0 0.0% 2,402 4.5%
Sibling/Other Relative 370 0.7% 1,856 3.5% 1 0.0% 2,227 4.2%
Aunt/Uncle 633 1.2% 1,146 2.1% 1 0.0% 1,780 3.3%
Parent's Paramour 333 0.6% 3,335 6.2% 1 0.0% 3,669 6.8%
Other  502 0.9% 1,221 2.3% 43 0.1% 1,766 3.3%

Total Perpetrators

Total FY09 Female Percent of Total Male Percent of Total Unknown Percent of Total Race/
Ethnicity
Percent of Total
Total Perpetrators 29,963 55.9% 23,572 44.0% 50 0.1% 53,585 100%

Back to top

Page 46

Monthly Average Number of Families Receiving Preservation Services
Fiscal Year 2010

Region Regular Intensive Moderate Strengthening Families Initiative Contracted Regular Contracted Intensive Contracted Moderate Total
1 Lubbock 758 1 118 37 0 0 0 914
2 Abilene 185 42 210 17 0 0 0 454
3 Arlington 1,956 11 1,231 65 284 0 16 3,563
4 Tyler 680 1 27 11 0 0 0 719
5 Beaumont 275 0 27 15 1 0 0 318
6 Houston 3,171 3 429 80 0 0 0 3,683
7 Austin 833 5 296 29 0 0 0 1,163
8 San Antonio 2,089 5 75 115 37 0 0 2,321
9 Midland 376 2 89 13 0 0 0 480
10 El Paso 586 1 34 9 1 0 0 631
11 Edinburg 2,206 3 199 32 0 0 0 2,440
Out of State 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 2
Total 13,116 74 2,736 422 323 0 16 16,687

Annual Number of Families Receiving Preservation Services Fiscal Year 2010

Region Regular Intensive Moderate Strengthen-ing Families Initiative Contracted Regular Contracted Intensive Contracted Moderate Total
1 Lubbock 1,643 13 327 71 0 0 0 2,054
2 Abilene 542 138 719 39 0 0 0 1,438
3 Arlington 4,683 53 2,711 166 588 0 34 8,235
4 Tyler 1,361 6 89 24 1 0 0 1,481
5 Beaumont 620 3 74 32 1 0 0 730
6 Houston 6,041 19 1,022 181 0 0 0 7,263
7 Austin 1,672 29 668 70 0 0 0 2,439
8 San Antonio 4,699 38 200 226 95 0 1 5,259
9 Midland 918 11 363 30 0 0 0 1,322
10 El Paso 1,214 4 85 22 1 0 0 1,326
11 Edinburg 4,711 17 571 70 3 0 0 5,372
Out of State 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 4
Total 28,106 331 6,831 931 689 0 35 36,923

Family Preservation Services is under the umbrella of Family Based Safety Services (FBSS).
Family Preservation Services are services provided to the child and the family without removing the child from the home.
Note: Families may receive more than one type of service.

Back to top

Page 47

Average Number of Families Receiving Reunification Services per Month
Fiscal Year 2010

Region Regular Intensive Moderate Strengthening Families Initiative Contracted Regular Contracted Moderate Total
1 Lubbock 91 0 0 3 0 0 94
2 Abilene 52 0 0 1 0 0 53
3 Arlington 246 0 4 5 1 1 257
4 Tyler 92 0 0 0 0 0 92
5 Beaumont 40 0 0 1 0 0 41
6 Houston 202 0 20 3 0 0 225
7 Austin 247 0 1 0 0 0 248
8 San Antonio 147 0 1 10 0 0 158
9 Midland 48 0 0 0 0 0 48
10 El Paso 25 1 0 0 0 0 26
11 Edinburg 153 1 11 3 0 0 168
Out of State 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Total 1,343 2 37 26 1 1 1,410

Annual Number of Families Receiving Reunification Services
Fiscal Year 2010

Region Regular Intensive Moderate Strengthening Families Initiative Contracted Regular Contracted Moderate Total
1 Lubbock 229 0 2 8 0 0 239
2 Abilene 133 0 1 1 0 0 135
3 Arlington 698 0 11 14 2 1 726
4 Tyler 261 0 0 0 0 0 261
5 Beaumont 119 0 0 2 0 0 121
6 Houston 581 1 54 8 0 0 644
7 Austin 619 0 5 0 0 0 624
8 San Antonio 395 1 4 22 0 0 422
9 Midland 110 0 0 0 0 0 110
10 El Paso 78 1 0 0 0 0 79
11 Edinburg 406 6 36 8 0 0 456
Out of State 1 0 0 0 0 0 64
Total 3,630 9 113 63 2 1 3,881

Family Reunification Services are under the umbrella of Family Based Safety Services (FBSS).
Family Reunification Services are provided to the family as a child is returning home from court-ordered substitute care.
Note: Families may receive more than one type of service.

Page 48

Children in Foster Care by County During
Fiscal Year 2010

State Total: 29,072

Region Children in Foster Care
Region 1 1,812
Region 2 900
Region 3 5,781
Region 4 1,727
Region 5 941
Region 6 6,111
Region 7 3,148
Region 8 4,374
Region 9 991
Region 10 633
Region 11 2,654
Total 29,072

Children in Foster Care by County During, Fiscal Year 2010 by County

Back to top

Page 49

Number of Children Removed from Home as a Result of CPS Abuse/Neglect Investigation

Fiscal Year As a Result of an Investigation From Family Based Safety Services* From Family Substitute Care Services Total
2006 12,743 4,473 320 17,536
2007 11,650 3,946 323 15,920
2008 10,808 3,276 211 14,295
2009 8,527 3,404 176 12,107
2010 11,265 4,815 266 16,347

*Removals from Family Based Safety Services includes Family Preservation and Family Reunification
Note: The data presented in this chart have been modified to more accurately report where a removal occurred and therefore will not match prior data books.

Point of Prevalence* for Children Entering Substitute Care
Fiscal Year 2010

Region Point Prevalence*
Lubbock (1) 3.3
Abilene (2) 3.9
Arlington (3) 1.9
Tyler (4) 4.1
Beaumont (5) 2.7
Houston (6) 2.4
Austin (7) 2.6
San Antonio (8) 3.3
Midland (9) 4.1
El Paso (10) 1.7
Edinburg (11) 2.0
State 2.5

*Point of prevalence is the number of children entering substitute care per 1,000 children in the region.

Back to top

Page 50

Where are Children in DFPS Care?

… of the 27,304 children in DFPS substitute care on August 31, 2010:

17,027 children were in Foster Care.

10,277 children were in other types of Substitute Care

… of the 17,027 children were in Foster Care

  • 11,645 children placed in Child Placing Agency (CPA) Foster Homes. Foster homes are families who accept foster children into their homes. These foster homes are recruited, trained, verified and managed by private CPAs. DFPS has contracts with over 100 CPAs. The majority of CPA foster homes are verified to provide therapeutic foster care services.

  • 2,109 children placed in DFPS Foster Homes. These are families who accept foster children into their homes and are recruited, trained, verified and managed by DFPS. The majority provide basic foster care services.

  • 718 children were placed in Basic Child Care. These are typically cottage and campus type settings meeting basic child needs.

  • 1,559 children were placed in Residential Treatment Centers. An RTC is a very structured setting for children with serious emotional disturbance or mental health issues.

  • 595 children were placed in Emergency Shelters. These are intended for stays of less than 30 days.

  • 401 children were placed in Other types of foster care such as camps, maternity homes hospitals, juvenile detention, ICF-MR, HCS homes, state schools & hospitals.

... of the 10,277 children in other types of Substitute Care

  • 8,914 children were placed in Kinship Care. DFPS supports relative caregivers by assisting with initial costs of accepting a child and through ongoing case management.

  • 484 children were in pending adoptions in CPA Adoptive Homes.

  • 331 children were in pending adoptions in DFPS Adoptive Homes.

  • 548 children were placed in Other Substitute Care which includes independent living programs, unauthorized absences and court ordered placements.

Notes

A. The 27,304 children includes 605 youth over the age of 18 in foster care, but who have "aged-out" of the legal conservatorship of DFPS.

B. There are a total of 28,893 children in DFPS legal responsibility. 2,194 are in legal conservatorship of DFPS but not in substitute care; the majority of these children are in a reunification stage and are living with their families of origin.

Back to top

Page 51

Demographics of Children in Foster Care at the End of the Year By Fiscal Year 2010

Characteristic: Age

Age Aug 2007 Number Aug 2007 Percent Aug 2008 Number Aug 2008 Percent Aug 2009 Number Aug 2009 Percent Aug 2010 Number Aug 2010 Percent
Birth - 2 3,934 21.3% 3,623 21.1% 3,319 20.8% 3,868 22.7%
3-5 2,873 15.6% 2,497 14.5% 2,249 14.1% 2,711 15.9%
6-9 3,264 17.7% 3,068 17.9% 2,679 16.8% 2,782 16.3%
10-13 3,304 17.9% 3,090 18.0% 2,930 18.4% 2,959 17.4%
14-17 4,668 25.3% 4,395 25.6% 4,225 26.5% 4,102 24.1%
18-21 419 2.3% 513 3.0% 530 3.3% 605 3.6%

Characteristic: Gender

Gender Aug 2007 Number Aug 2007 Percent Aug 2008 Number Aug 2008 Percent Aug 2009 Number Aug 2009 Percent Aug 2010 Number Aug 2010 Percent
Male 9,804 53.1% 9,245 53.8% 8,689 54.5% 9,203 54.0%
Female 8,654 46.9% 7,940 46.2% 7,243 45.5% 7,824 46.0%
Unknown 4 0.0% 1 0.0% 0 0.0% 0 0.0%

Characteristic: Race/Ethnicity

Race/Ethnicity Aug 2007 Number Aug 2007 Percent Aug 2008 Number Aug 2008 Percent Aug 2009 Number Aug 2009 Percent Aug 2010 Number Aug 2010 Percent
Anglo 5,762 31.2% 5,094 29.6% 4,522 28.4% 5,008 29.4%
African American 5,342 28.9% 5,104 29.7% 4,903 30.8% 5,174 30.4%
Hispanic 6,938 37.6% 6,587 38.3% 6,169 38.7% 6,479 38.1%
Native American 46 0.2% 41 0.2% 49 0.3% 45 0.3%
Asian 59 0.3% 61 0.4% 52 0.3% 58 0.3%
Other 315 1.7% 299 1.7% 237 1.5% 263 1.5%

Totals

Totals of Characteristics Aug 2007 Number Aug 2007 Percent Aug 2008 Number Aug 2008 Percent Aug 2009 Number Aug 2009 Percent Aug 2010 Number Aug 2010 Percent
Total 18,462 100% 17,186 100% 15,932 100.00% 17,027 100%

Back to top

Page 52

Point of Prevalence* for Children in Substitute Care at The End of Fiscal Year 2010

Region Point Prevalence*
Lubbock (1) 7.2
Abilene (2) 6.1
Arlington (3) 2.8
Tyler (4) 5.8
Beaumont (5) 4.1
Houston (6) 4.4
Austin (7) 4.1
San Antonio (8) 6.5
Midland (9) 6.5
El Paso (10) 2.4
Edinburg (11) 3.2
State 4.1

*Point of prevalence is the number of children entering substitute care per 1,000 children in the region.

Children in DFPS Legal Responsibility, in Substitute Care or in Foster Care Placements at the End of Fiscal Year 2010

Region DFPS Legal Responsibility Substitute Care Foster Care
Lubbock (1) 1,665   1,543   1,135  
Abilene (2) 877   815   566  
Arlington (3) 5,259   4,964   3,124  
Tyler (4) 1,666   1,521   956  
Beaumont (5) 785   741   564  
Houston (6) 7,287   6,946   3,810  
Austin (7) 3,075   2,855   1,744  
San Antonio (8) 4,448   4,300   2,666  
Midland (9) 1,022   951   631  
El Paso (10) 584   559   363  
Edinburg (11) 2,225   2,109   1,468  
State 28,893 27,304 17,027

Note: Includes youth who have aged out of DFPS legal responsibility but remain in foster care.

Back to top

Page 53

Legal Status of Children in DFPS Legal Responsibility

Legal Status Aug 2008 Number Aug 2008 Percent Aug 2009 Number Aug 2009 Percent Aug 2010 Number Aug 2010 Percent
Care, Custody & Control* 174 0.6% 62 0.2% 36 0.1%
Temporary Managing Conservatorship** 14,019 48.7% 12,843 48.5% 16,612 57.5%
Permanent Managing Conservatorship *** Parental Rights Not Terminated 3,811 13.2% 3,367 12.7% 2,929 10.1%
Permanent Managing Conservatorship *** Parental Rights Terminated (ALL) 10,120 35.2% 9,624 36.4% 8,885 30.8%
Permanent Managing Conservatorship *** Parental Rights Terminated (One Parent) 611 2.1% 526 2.0% 397 1.4%
Possessory Conservatorship**** 41 0.1% 41 0.2% 34 0.1%
Total 28,776 100% 26,463 100% 28,893 100%

* Care, Custody and Control - In some counties in Texas, this type of custody is given at an Ex Parte Hearing rather than appointing a temporary managing conservator. This provides legal authority for DFPS to ensure a child's safety and meet a child's basic needs for shelter, food, education.

** Temporary Managing Conservatorship - TMC is awarded to DFPS as a result of a court hearing and written order and continues until a judge issues another order changing the legal status. It authorizes DFPS to act in the child's best interest and has exclusive rights including but not limited to the following: designating the primary residence of a child, make decisions concerning the child's education, consent to marriage or enlistment in the armed forces.

*** Permanent Managing Conservatorship - PMC is awarded to DFPS as a result of a court hearing and written order. PMC authorizes DFPS to act in the child's best interest and have the rights of a Managing Conservator on a permanent basis.

**** Possessory Conservatorship - A judge appoints a parent as Possessory Conservator who is not appointed as a sole or joint managing conservator, unless this appointment is not in the best interest of the child. Possessory Conservators are provided with visitation orders,unless access would endanger the child physically or emotionally.

Back to top

Page 54

Children in DFPS Legal Responsibility by Living Arrangement at the End of Each Fiscal Year

Fiscal Year Non-Foster Care Foster Care Total % Change
2007 12,700 18,043 30,743 -2.1%
2008 12,103 16,673 28,776 -6.4%
2009 11,061 15,402 26,463 -8.0%
2010 12,471 16,422 28,893 9.2%

Note: Foster care totals exclude youth over 18 who remain in foster care but have aged out of DFPS legal responsibility. Non-foster care placements include adoption, relative, own home and other.

Children in DFPS Legal Responsibility in Non-Foster Care Placements

Fiscal Year Total Non-Foster Care Other* Adoption Relative Own Home
2007 12,700 821 855 8,801 2,223
2008 12,103 768 807 8,490 2,038
2009 11,061 630 957 7,673 1,801
2010 12,471 573 815 8,894 2,189

* Other includes independent living, hospitals, nursing homes, correctional facilities and unauthorized absences.

Back to top

Page 55

Children* in Substitute Care Placements by Living Arrangement Categories As of August 31, 2010

Region CPA Foster - Group Homes & Independent Homes DFPS Foster & Foster Group Homes DFPS Adoptive Homes Private Adoptive Homes Kinship
Lubbock (1) 567 193 21 12 338
Abilene (2) 356 103 1 9 232
Arlington (3) 2,226 330 31 92 1,617
Tyler (4) 566 165 26 27 488
Beaumont (5) 309 147 6 1 160
Houston (6) 2,676 457 155 158 2,664
Austin (7) 1,162 155 30 47 994
San Antonio (8) 1,663 267 33 77 1,423
Midland (9) 397 95 7 9 292
El Paso (10) 261 52 3 9 168
Edinburg (11) 1,061 120 18 43 538
Out of State - - - - -
Total 11,244 2,084 331 484 8,914
Region General Residential Operation Emergency Shelters Residential Treatment Other Total
Lubbock (1) 113 76 136 50 1,506
Abilene (2) 4 19 57 13 794
Arlington (3) 70 50 251 165 4,832
Tyler (4) 24 41 110 47 1,494
Beaumont (5) 14 17 55 19 728
Houston (6) 93 86 307 232 6,828
Austin (7) 23 72 216 82 2,781
San Antonio (8) 233 132 219 162 4,209
Midland (9) 9 44 63 23 939
El Paso (10) 1 4 16 23 537
Edinburg (11) 80 35 98 58 2,051
Out of State - - - - -
Total 664 576 1,528 874 26,699

*Excludes 605 young adults over the 18 who have aged out of DFPS conservatorship but remain in DFPS care.

Back to top

Page 56

Permanency Goal of Children in Substitute Care for Whom DFPS had Legal Responsibility Fiscal Year End 2010

Total Children: 23,447

Goal Count Percent
Adoption 11,419 48.7%
Reunification 7,356 31.4%
Alternative Long Term Living 1,662 7.1%
Adult Living 1,230 5.2%
Permanent Placement with Relatives and Other Caregivers 1,780 7.6%
Total Children 23,447 100%

Number of DFPS Foster, Foster/Adoptive and Adoptive Homes As of August 31, 2010

Region Foster Homes Foster/Adoptive Homes* Adoptive Homes**
Lubbock (1) 11 142 25
Abilene (2) 5 85 15
Arlington (3) 38 339 109
Tyler (4) 18 94 69
Beaumont (5) 19 106 33
Houston (6) 52 299 262
Austin (7) 19 149 136
San Antonio (8) 20 157 77
Midland (9) 2 55 5
El Paso (10) 8 34 25
Edinburg (11) 19 50 36
Out of State 8 25 8
Total 219 1535 800

* Includes 40 legal risk homes and 155 kinship homes.

** This number does not include homes open only for receipt of adoption subsidy.

Back to top

Page 57

Children Placed in Adoptive Homes by Region Fiscal Year 2010

Region Number of Placements
Lubbock (1) 298
Abilene (2) 109
Arlington (3) 867
Tyler (4) 246
Beaumont (5) 98
Houston (6) 1,075
Austin (7) 670
San Antonio (8) 998
Midland (9) 125
El Paso (10) 84
Edinburg (11) 206
State Total 4,776
Total Unique Children 4,756

Demographics of 4,756 Children in Adoptive Homes
Fiscal Year 2010

Age

Age Count Percent
Under 1 year 85 1.8%
1 - 5 years 2,573 54.1%
6 - 12 years 1,653 34.8%
13 years and over 445 9.4%
Total 4,756 100%

Race/Ethnicity

Race/Ethnicity Count Percent
Anglo 1,312 27.6%
African American 1,441 30.3%
Hispanic 1,896 39.9%
Native American 17 0.4%
Asian 4 0.1%
Other 86 1.8%
Total 4,756 100%

Child Characteristics

Child Characteristics Count Percent
Disabling Condition 1,648 34.7%
No Special Characteristics 3,108 65.3%
Total 4,756 100%

Sex

Sex Count Percent
Female 2,351 49.4%
Male 2,405 50.6%
Total 4,756 100%

Back to top

Page 58

Children with Disabling Conditions Placed in Adoptive Homes Fiscal Year 2010

Total number of children placed in adoptive homes: 4,756

Number of unique children with disabling conditions placed in adoptive homes: 1,648

Disabling Condition Percentage of all Children Placed in Adoptive Homes Number of children with Disabling condition
Drug/Alcohol* 16.4% 778
Learning Disabilities 11.8% 562
Emotionally Disturbed 9.8% 468
Medically Involved 5.8% 276
Physical 0.9% 43
Other** 0.3% 16

* Drug/Alcohol disabling condition can either be due to self abuse or exposure to an individual with the condition.

** Other includes teen parent or pregnant.

Note: Children may be duplicated across categories because some may have more than one disabling condition.

Children in Consummated Adoptions by Type of Agency by Fiscal Year

Legal Status 2007 Number 2007 Percent 2008 Number 2008 Percent 2009 Number 2009 Percent 2010 Number 2010 Percent
DFPS 2,267 56.4% 2,426 53.7% 2,804 57.7% 2,841 59.2%
Non DFPS* 1,756 43.6% 2,091 46.3% 2,055 42.3% 1,962 40.8%
Total Consummations 4,023 100% 4,517 100% 4,859 100% 4,803 100%

* Non DFPS includes private agency adoptions, relative adoptions and out of state adoptions.

Children in Consummated Adoptions by Region Fiscal Year 2010

Region Adoptions Consummated
Lubbock (1) 296
Abilene (2) 100
Arlington (3) 919
Tyler (4) 230
Beaumont (5) 120
Houston (6) 1046
Austin (7) 692
San Antonio (8) 976
Midland (9) 139
El Paso (10) 98
Edinburg (11) 187
Total Unique Children 4,803

Back to top

Page 59

Demographics of 4,803 Children in Consummated Adoptions
Fiscal Year 2010

Age

Age Count Percent
Under 1 year 68 1.4%
1 - 5 years 2,600 54.1%
6 - 12 years 1,688 35.1%
13 years and over 447 9.3%
Total 4,803 100%

Gender

Gender Count Percent
Male 2,427 50.5%
Female 2,376 49.5%
Total 4,803 100%

Race/Ethnicity

Race/Ethnicity Count Percent
Anglo 1,354 28.2%
African American 1,462 30.4%
Hispanic 1,868 38.9%
Native American 11 0.2%
Asian 5 0.1%
Other 103 2.1%
Total 4,803 100.0%

Race/Ethnicity of Children and Adoptive Parents by Fiscal Year

Legal Status 2007 Number 2007 Percent 2008 Number 2008 Percent 2009 Number 2009 Percent 2010 Number 2010 Percent
Race/Ethnicity of parent(s) is same as child 2,535 63.0% 2,789 61.7% 3,109 64.0% 3,085 64.2%
Race/Ethnicity of one or
both parents differs from child's (Transracial)*
1,488 37.0% 1,728 38.3% 1,750 36.0% 1,718 35.8%
Total Adoptions 4,023 100% 4,517 100% 4,859 100% 4,803 100%

* Includes when Race/Ethnicity was not determined.
Note: Change in methodology in FY08 applied to all FYs to include all adoptions.

Back to top

Page 60

CPS Outcomes Based on Data from Fiscal Year 2010

Child Safety Outcomes

Percent of children who remained safe in substitute care
(children in care during FY10 who did not experience a confirmed incident of maltreatment) 99.9%

Absence of Repeat Maltreatment
(child victims with a confirmed allegation within the prior 6 months; applies to children in any stage of care) 96.7%

Permanency Services

Percentage of children with 2 or fewer placements that have been in care 12 months or less 84.9%

Family Preservation Outcomes
(measured from start of services to end of services)
Average length of Service 8.1 months

Family Reunification Outcomes
(measured from removal to placement in own home and termination of DFPS conservatorship)
Percent of children returned to own home 29.0%
Average number of placements per child 2.1 placements
Average length of service 13.8 months
Median length of service 12.0 months
Children reunified with family, with DFPS conservatorship terminated, within 12 months of removal 61.9%

Adoption Services Outcomes
(measured from removal to adoption consummation)
Percent of children who left DFPS legal responsibility with an adoption consummation 33.9%
Average number of placements per child 3.5 placements
Average length of service 31.6 months

  • From removal to final order 14.1 months
  • From final order to adoptive placement 15.7 months
  • From placement to adoption consummated 1.8 months

Median length of service 26.9 months
Children adopted within 24 months of removal 38.5%

Permanent Relative Care Outcomes
(measured from removal to date DFPS legal responsibility ended)
Percent of children who left DFPS legal responsibility to a relative placement 24.5%
Average number of placements 2.1 placements
Average length of service 13.5 months
Median length of service 11.3 months

Children re-entering foster care within 12 months of discharge from a previous episode of foster care 4.6%

Back to top

Page 61

CPS Outcomes Based on Data from Fiscal Year 2010

Long-term Substitute Care Outcomes

Emancipation (includes children who left DFPS legal responsibility by emancipation or turning 18)

(measured from removal to date DFPS legal responsibility ended or date child turns 18 years of age)
Percent of children who left DFPS legal responsibility 10.8%
Average number of placements 9.0 placements
Average length of service 60.2 months
Median length of service 50.4 months

Other Long-term Substitute Care

(measured from removal to date DFPS legal responsibility ended)
Percent of children who left DFPS legal responsibility 1.8%
Average number of placements 3.4 placements
Average length of service 16.2 months
Median length of service 8.5 months

Fiscal Year 2010 Recidivism Outcomes

For All Stages:

(measured as a new confirmed reason to believe allegation within 12 months of the end of services or a return to
substitute care or new Family Preservation services provided) 9.2%

For Family Preservation:

(measured as a new confirmed reason to believe allegation within 12 months of the end of Family Preservation
services or new Family Preservation services provided) 9.3%

For Family Reunification:

(measured as a new confirmed reason to believe allegation or a return to substitute care within 12 months of the
end of Family Reunification services or new Family Preservation services provided) 17.5%

Substitute Care Outcomes for Cases Open at the End of Fiscal Year 2010

  • Average length of service for children in temporary managing conservatorship: 6.9 months
  • Median length of service for children in temporary managing conservatorship: 5.9 months
  • Average length of service for children in permanent managing conservatorship: 42.5 months
  • Median length of service for children in permanent managing conservatorship: 31.8 months

Back to top

Page 62

Status of Children No Longer in DFPS Legal Responsibility
Fiscal Year 2010

Total Children: 14,182

Outcome Count Percent
Family Reunification 4,115 29.0%
Custody Given To Relatives 3,475 24.5%
Adoption Consummated 4,803 33.9%
Children Emancipated 1,529 10.8%
Other 260 1.8%
State 14,182 100%

* Of the 1,529 youth emancipated in FY10, 1,152were
emancipated from paid foster care.
** Other includes children absent without permission, children in
court ordered or independent living placements; children for whom
conservatorship was never obtained and children with a missing
discharge reason.

Average Length of Time in Months for Children
Leaving DFPS Responsibility by Type of Exit and Region
Fiscal Year 2010

Region Family Reunification Relative Care Adoption Long Term Care-Emancipation Long Term Care-Other
Lubbock (1) 18.6 17.7 34.7 72.2 7.5
Abilene (2) 14.0 14.5 34.8 79.5 1.8
Arlington (3) 11.7 11.8 31.2 58.5 11.5
Tyler (4) 13.3 10.7 31.3 48.7 27.0
Beaumont (5) 13.9 11.2 30.2 45.4 26.9
Houston (6) 16.0 16.1 33.1 63.0 20.3
Austin (7) 12.0 11.9 27.6 62.1 14.1
San Antonio (8) 13.8 15.4 29.2 61.3 10.7
Midland (9) 13.7 14.7 33.9 56.9 19.7
El Paso (10) 11.6 13.6 35.3 61.6 6.9
Edinburg (11) 13.8 13.8 37.3 49.2 17.8
State 13.8 13.5 31.6 60.2 16.2

Average Length of Time in Months for Children
Leaving DFPS Responsibility by Type of Exit and Race/Ethnicity
Fiscal Year 2010

Race/Ethnicity Family Reunification Relative Care Adoption Long Term Care-Emancipation Long Term Care-Other
Anglo 13.5 12.5 30.5 56.6 19.7
African American 14.7 13.7 33.2 66.4 14.7
Hispanic 13.8 14.5 31.3 57.8 15.8
Native American 8.0 13.6 38.4 68.3 2.6
Asian 4.4 14.2 43.0 59.7 19.5
Other 10.7 10.2 27.8 68.5 10.2
State 13.8 13.5 31.6 60.2 16.2

Back to top

Page 63

Average Number of Out-of-Home Placements for Children Who Attained Permanency Fiscal Year 2010

Region Family Reunification Relative Care Adoption Long Term Care-Emancipation Long Term Care-Other
Lubbock (1) 2.5 2.1 3.6 9.6 4.5
Abilene (2) 2.5 2.2 3.8 8.5 3.5
Arlington (3) 1.9 2.1 3.5 8.9 2.6
Tyler (4) 1.8 1.9 3.3 7.5 3.9
Beaumont (5) 2 2.2 3.5 7.2 4
Houston (6) 2.2 2 3.2 9 3.4
Austin (7) 2 1.9 3.5 8.5 3.3
San Antonio (8) 2.3 2.3 3.8 10.8 2.7
Midland (9) 2 2.4 3.6 8.5 2
El Paso (10) 2.1 2 3.9 9.5 3.1
Edinburg (11) 2.1 2.7 3.5 7.6 4.7
State Total 2.1 2.1 3.5 9 3.4

Note: The average number of placements per child in substitute care for all children who attained permanency is 3.4 placements.

Length of Time in Care for Children Who Achieved Permanency Status*

Year: 2010

Length of Time in Care % of Total Children
0-12 months 51.1%
13 to 24 months 26.1%
More than 24 months 22.8%

Year: 2009

Length of Time in Care % of Total Children
0-12 months 50.0%
13 to 24 months 28.7%
More than 24 months 21.4%

Year: 2008

Length of Time in Care % of Total Children
0-12 months 55.2%
13 to 24 months 27.5%
More than 24 months 17.3%

Year: 2007

Length of Time in Care % of Total Children
0-12 months 62.7%
13 to 24 months 24.0%
More than 24 months 13.3%

Year: 2006

Length of Time in Care % of Total Children
0-12 months 66.3%
13 to 24 months 21.7%
More than 24 months 12.1%

* Children who left substitute care via an own home, permanent relative placement or adoption consummation and DFPS legal responsibility was ended.

Back to top

Page 64

Average Monthly Number of Children and Young Adults, FTEs*
in Paid Foster Care by Service Levels
Fiscal Year 2010

Service Level Number of Children & Young Adults Number of FTEs
Basic 10,506 9,389
Child Specific** 43 39
Emergency Shelter 892 558
Intense 301 270
Moderate 3,554 3,255
Psychiatric Transition 27 19
Specialized 2,706 2,474
Total 18,029*** 16,004

Unduplicated Count: 17,562

Note: Calculations exclude children where cost of care was not covered by Title IV-E or state paid foster care.

* An FTE is calculated by dividing the number of paid foster care days in the month by the number of days in a month.
** Child Specific contracts do not have an actual level of care.
*** Duplicated count due to changes in service levels during the month.
Note: For HHSC 24-Hour Residential Child Care Facilities Rates go to
http://www.dfps.state.tx.us/PCS/rates_childcare_reimbursement.asp

Foster Care Expenditures by Source Fiscal Year 2010

Total Expenditures: $371,196,595.00

Service Level Expenditures Percent
Title IV-E $116,174,142.50 31%
State Paid $255,022,452.50 69%
Total $371,196,595.00 100%

Title IV-E Federal Foster Care Program Description

The Federal Foster Care Program helps States provide safe and stable out-of-home care for children until the children are safely returned home, placed permanently with adoptive families or placed in other planned arrangements for permanency. Funds are available for: monthly maintenance payments to eligible foster care providers; administrative costs to manage the program; training staff and foster parents; foster parent recruitment; and other related expenses.

State Paid Foster Care may be funded with Federal Block Grant (TANF)

Back to top

Page 65

Children and Young Adults* in Paid Foster Care Monthly Average by Fiscal Year

Fiscal Year State Paid Children in Foster Care** State Paid Young Adults* in Foster Care** Title IV-E Children in Foster Care Title IV-E Young Adults* Foster Care Total Children & Young Adults in Foster Care*** % Change from Previous Fiscal Year
2006 4,965 639 14,394 517 20,515 6.00%
2007 5,002 618 14,335 533 20,488 -0.13%
2008 4,673 651 12,828 546 18,698 -8.74%
2009 4,344 700 11,485 545 17,074 -8.69%
2010 4,308 783 11,936 558 17,585 2.99%

Children and Young Adults* in Paid Foster Care Monthly Average by Region
Fiscal Year 2010

Region State Paid Children in Foster Care** State Paid Young Adults* in Foster Care** Title IV-E Children in Foster Care Title IV-E Young Adults* Foster Care Total Children & Young Adults in Foster Care***
Lubbock (1) 249 48 884 42 1,223
Abilene (2) 101 24 390 19 534
Arlington (3) 846 172 2,160 108 3,286
Tyler (4) 373 53 550 22 998
Beaumont (5) 168 20 354 15 557
Houston (6) 893 151 2,688 119 3,851
Austin (7) 594 116 1,063 50 1,823
San Antonio (8) 605 103 1,991 78 2,777
Midland (9) 111 13 461 26 611
El Paso (10) 53 16 272 29 370
Edinburg (11) 316 68 1,126 50 1,560
Unknown 0 0 1 0 1
Total*** 4,309 784 11,940 558 17,591

Unduplicated Count: 17,562

* A young adult is any person in foster care who was 18 to 21 years of age at anytime during the fiscal year.
** State Paid Foster Care may be funded with Federal Block Grant (TANF).
*** Some children are served in more than one region and/or eligibility type in a month.

Back to top

Page 66

Families and Children Receiving Kinship Caregiver Monetary Assistance
Fiscal Year 2010

Region Family Served Children Served
Lubbock (1) 291 478
Abilene (2) 185 305
Arlington (3) 1,380 2,404
Tyler (4) 216 358
Beaumont (5) 177 292
Houston (6) 1,573 2,775
Austin (7) 651 1,114
San Antonio (8) 588 1,127
Midland (9) 241 428
El Paso (10) 100 184
Edinburg (11) 487 964
Unknown 143 235
Total 6,032 10,664

Families and Children Kinship Caregiver Monetary Assistance Payments
Fiscal Year 2010

Region Total Integration Payments Total Flexible Support Payments Total Relative Caregiver Support
Lubbock (1) $136,000.00 $216,500.00 $352,500.00
Abilene (2) $95,000.00 $158,500.00 $253,500.00
Arlington (3) $791,000.00 $1,214,500.00 $2,005,500.00
Tyler (4) $129,000.00 $180,000.00 $309,000.00
Beaumont (5) $61,000.00 $149,000.00 $210,000.00
Houston (6) $510,000.00 $1,454,499.00 $1,964,499.00
Austin (7) $315,000.00 $595,268.23 $910,268.23
San Antonio (8) $332,000.00 $573,500.00 $905,500.00
Midland (9) $118,000.00 $231,500.00 $349,500.00
El Paso (10) $75,000.00 $71,500.00 $146,500.00
Edinburg (11) $159,000.00 $512,150.00 $671,150.00
Unknown $48,000.00 $119,500.00 $167,500.00
Total $2,769,000.00 $5,476,417.23 $8,245,417.23

Back to top

Page 67

Average Number of Children Provided Adoption Subsidy* by Fiscal Year

Fiscal Year State Paid Adoption Subsidies Title IV-E Adoption Subsidies Total Children Provided Adoption Subsidy % Change from Previous Fiscal Year
2006 5,207 15,082 20,289 10.69%
2007 5,487 16,900 22,387 10.34%
2008 5,789 19,140 24,929 11.35%
2009 6,149 21,609 27,758 11.35%
2010 6,578 24,210 30,788 10.92%

Average Number of Children Provided Adoption Subsidy* per Month by Region, Fiscal Year 2010

Region Clients
Lubbock (1) 1,485
Abilene (2) 815
Arlington (3) 6,579
Tyler (4) 1,247
Beaumont (5) 1,052
Houston (6) 6,788
Austin (7) 4,072
San Antonio (8) 6,178
Midland (9) 554
El Paso (10) 742
Edinburg (11) 1,273
Unknown 3

*Subsidy includes financial payments only, not medical and non-recurring subsidies.

Back to top

Page 68

Average Number of Children and Families Receiving Purchased Services per Month
Fiscal Year 2010

Region Living at Home Living Out of Home Post Adoption Total Children Total Adults Total Clients
Lubbock (1) 498 345 110 953 985 1,938
Abilene (2) 139 192 131 462 589 1,051
Arlington (3) 1,065 1,102 149 2,316 2,677 4,993
Tyler (4) 485 374 48 907 1,379 2,286
Beaumont (5) 168 186 102 456 457 913
Houston (6) 952 1,008 195 2,155 3,466 5,621
Austin (7) 565 486 98 1,149 2,038 3,187
San Antonio (8) 1,002 691 88 1,781 2,968 4,749
Midland (9) 120 163 56 339 806 1,145
El Paso (10) 80 107 96 283 293 576
Edinburg (11) 709 436 2 1,147 2,606 3,753
Total 5,783 5,090 1,075 11,948 18,264 30,212

Note: Averages are rounded to the nearest whole number.

Average Monthly Percent of Children Receiving CPS Purchased Services by Region

Region Number of
In-Home Children
Receiving
Purchased Services
Total Number
of In-Home
Children
% of In-Home
Children Receiving
Purchased Services
Number of Children
in Substitute Care
Receiving
Purchased Services
Total Number of
Children in
Substitute Care
% of Children in
Substitute Care
Receiving
Purchased Services
Lubbock (1) 498 2,747 18.1% 345 1,640 21.0%
Abilene (2) 139 1,242 11.2% 192 762 25.1%
Arlington (3) 1,065 9,964 10.7% 1,102 4,969 22.2%
Tyler (4) 485 2,133 22.8% 374 1,643 22.8%
Beaumont (5) 168 885 19.0% 186 763 24.4%
Houston (6) 952 10,860 8.8% 1,008 7,011 14.4%
Austin (7) 565 3,970 14.2% 486 2,941 16.5%
San Antonio (8) 1,002 6,840 14.6% 691 4,334 15.9%
Midland (9) 120 1,374 8.7% 163 942 17.3%
El Paso (10) 80 1,893 4.2% 107 546 19.6%
Edinburg (11) 709 8,026 8.8% 436 2,214 19.7%
Total 5,783 49,933 11.6% 5,090 27,767 18.3%

Back to top

Page 69

Family Group Decision Making (FGDM)

FGDM is a part of the CPS process to be family-centered. The goal is to enhance safety, permanency, and well-being for children by providing direct services and support services to their caregivers, whether biological or through affinity. FGDM describes a variety of practices to work with and engage families in problem solving, including Family Team Meetings (FTM), Family Group Conferences (FGC), and Circles of Support (COS):

  • Family Team Meeting (FTM) is designed as a rapid response to child safety and placement concerns and is used to achieve positive outcomes for children in the earliest stages of interaction between CPS and families.
  • Family Group Conference (FGC) is a process where families join with relatives, friends, and others in the community to develop a plan to ensure children are cared for and protected from future harm. This broader constellation of “family” convenes with information providers/community supports and CPS caseworkers in a unique partnership that empowers the “family group” with a high degree of decision-making authority and responsibility.
  • Circles of Support (COS) is a youth-focused, youth-driven meeting with the primary purpose of developing a plan for older youth to transition from foster care to adulthood. It may be used for other purposes as well. It includes broader participation of the youth’s support network.

Family Team Meetings Conducted By Race/Ethnicity
Fiscal Year 2010

Region Anglo African American Hispanic Native American Asian Other Total
Lubbock (1) 220 113 333 2 8 27 703
Abilene (2) 371 94 156 1 0 24 646
Arlington (3) 935 613 467 8 6 94 2,123
Tyler (4) 629 234 92 1 1 42 999
Beaumont (5) 189 118 27 2 0 10 346
Houston (6) 612 583 424 4 11 61 1,695
Austin (7) 665 453 490 3 5 92 1,708
San Antonio (8) 416 135 908 3 4 37 1,503
Midland (9) 71 23 79 0 0 9 182
El Paso (10) 29 16 138 0 0 2 185
Edinburg (11) 71 14 813 1 0 25 924
Other/Unknown 1 0 2 0 0 1 4
Total 4,209 2,396 3,929 25 35 424 11,018

Family Group Conferences Conducted By Race/Ethnicity Fiscal Year 2010

Region Anglo African American Hispanic Native American Asian Other Total
Lubbock (1) 108 38 133 3 1 15 298
Abilene (2) 186 35 66 2 0 16 305
Arlington (3) 343 231 159 3 3 71 810
Tyler (4) 212 75 37 0 2 23 349
Beaumont (5) 84 58 8 0 1 3 154
Houston (6) 309 410 180 0 3 49 951
Austin (7) 281 191 155 3 1 48 679
San Antonio (8) 126 83 363 1 1 24 598
Midland (9) 73 39 100 0 0 12 224
El Paso (10) 13 8 117 2 0 7 147
Edinburg (11) 63 19 663 1 0 19 765
Total 1,798 1,187 1,981 15 12 287 5,280

Back to top

Page 70

Circles of Support Conducted by Race/Ethnicity
Fiscal Year 2010

Region Anglo African American Hispanic Native American Asian Other Total
Lubbock (1) 79 54 73 0 0 6 212
Abilene (2) 30 11 9 0 0 2 52
Arlington (3) 194 237 96 3 3 30 563
Tyler (4) 59 41 8 0 1 2 111
Beaumont (5) 34 22 2 0 0 2 60
Houston (6) 181 428 158 0 6 21 794
Austin (7) 94 104 61 0 3 15 277
San Antonio (8) 62 59 224 1 0 23 369
Midland (9) 31 8 23 0 0 5 67
El Paso (10) 3 9 38 0 1 3 54
Edinburg (11) 19 6 121 0 0 11 157
Total 786 979 813 4 14 120 2,716

Preparation for Adult Living (PAL) Services
Youth Ages 16 through 20

The Transitional Services Program includes Preparation for Adult Living (PAL) program services to help youth aging out of foster care prepare for adult life, and assist with the initial transition to adult living. PAL services ensure that DFPS foster youth and those aging out of care receive the tools, resources, supports, and personal and community connections they need to become self-sufficient adult. Supportive services and benefits are provided to eligible youth ages 16 to 21, and in some cases up to age 23 for certain educational/vocational needs, to assist when they leave foster care.

Fiscal Year Eligible and Served Eligible and Not Served Total
2005 7,279 605 7,884
2006 7,639 717 8,356
2007 7,622 988 8,610
2008 7,735 889 8,624
2010 7,701 996 8,697

Note: 706 youth who were not served in FY 2010 received services prior to FY 2010.

Previous Section | Back to top | Next Section