Chapter 4
Page 5

Stimulants

Stimulants are commonly used to treat Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). Symptoms of ADHD interfere with functioning at school and in daily living and may include:

  • Short attention span.
  • Inability to stay still.
  • Being impulsive.

Stimulants may be short acting or long acting. Short acting means that they act right away but do not last a long time. Long acting means that they take longer to act but last longer. Some children need to take a short acting and a long acting stimulant to get coverage throughout the day. Taking a short acting and a long acting stimulant together counts as only one stimulant and is not outside the Parameters.

Examples of short acting stimulants

  • Amphetamine (Adderall)
  • Dexmethylphenidate (Focalin)
  • Methylphenidate (Ritalin, Metadate, Methylin)
  • Dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine, Dextrostat)

Examples of long acting stimulants

  • Amphetamine (Adderall XR)
  • Dexmethylphenidate (Focalin XR)
  • Methylphenidate (Concerta)
  • Lisdexamfetamine (Vyvance)