Trauma and the Brain (Cont'd)
In early childhood, trauma can reduce the size of the cortex, which is responsible for complex functions, such as language and memory.
The picture to the right is a CT scan of two 3-year-old children. The image on the left is that of a healthy child and represents a normal brain. The image on the right is the image of a severely neglected child. Notice the difference in size. The cortex is significantly smaller which contributes to reduced gross motor abilities and maladaptive development.