Historical trauma should also be considered. Historical trauma is the cumulative exposure to traumatic events that not only affect the individual exposed, but continue to affect subsequent generations.
- Legacy of slavery among African Americans
- Impact of massacres, removal from homelands, and forced boarding school placements for American Indians and Alaskan Natives
Historical trauma can increase the impact of present-day trauma for a family in the child welfare system especially when actions like removal of children serve as triggers or reminders of the historical trauma for parents and family members.